The medlar is an evergreen tree or a bush from a subfamily Apple-tree. Can be both decorative, and fruit. There are about 30 species of a plant, but the most known Japanese and German medlar. The first has the fruits similar to apricots, but meets in our markets extremely seldom as does not transfer transportation. Fruits of the German medlar round and brown. Both views are suitable for the use. We will also tell about advantage of fruits in article.
Caloric content and chemical composition
Fruits of a medlar contain such vitamins:
- thiamine (B1 vitamin) — 0.019 mg;
- vitamin C (ascorbic acid) — 1 mg;
- Riboflavinum (B2 vitamin) — 0.024 mg;
- niatsin (B3 vitamin or SS) — 0.18 mg;
- pyridoxine (B6 vitamin) — 0.1 mg;
- folic acid (B9 vitamin) — 14 mkg;
- vitamin A (beta carotene) — 76 mkg.
Whether you know? The word a medlar is borrowed from Turkish of "muşmula". Turks, in turn, transformed Greek "μούσμουλο" (the name of a fruit) under the language.
- calcium — 16 mg;
- potassium — 266 mg;
- magnesium — 13 mg;
- phosphorus — 27 mg;
- sodium — 1 mg.
- zinc — 50 mkg;
- manganese — 148 mkg;
- copper — 40 mkg;
- selenium — 0.6 mkg;
- iron — 0.28 mg.
Study useful properties of such exotic fruit as rambutan, a guava, a papaya, grapefruit, a feijoa, mango, a lime, a cumquat, Nonie, passion fruit, persimmon, pomegranate, a carambola, mangostin, a kiwi and a pomelo.
Nutrition value in 100 g of a product:
- proteins — 0.43 g;
- water — 86.73 g;
- fats — 0.2 g;
- food fibers — 1.7 g;
- carbohydrates — 10.44 g;
- ashes — 0.5 g.
Caloric content: 47 kcal.
Useful properties of a fruit
For a start we will examine generally for what the use of a medlar can be useful:
- brings stones out of kidneys;
- normalizes digestive processes;
- removes slags and toxins;
- relieves pains at gripes;
- fixes at diarrhea (green fruit), poslablyat at locks;
- strengthens immunity;
- source of vitamins and minerals;
- improves blood clotting;
- stabilizes pressure;
- lowers sugar level;
- good expectorant means.
The female body constantly feels the shortage of elements which are capable to eliminate consequences of constant stresses, to support the immune system. The medlar is capable to saturate an organism with all necessary nutrients and at the same time to make its cleaning, to prevent a set of excess weight. This fruit and for cosmetology procedures is irreplaceable. On the basis of pulp of a fruit it is possible to prepare nutritious and anti-aging masks, and from stones — a natural srub.
Important! Use of cosmetics from a fruit is contraindicated if on skin there are eczemas, a couperosis, wounds, inflammations.
During pregnancy the female body needs in a large number folic acid and other vitamins, minerals. The medlar is capable to fill their shortage. But it is necessary to be careful at consumption of fruit, especially if earlier you never ate it.
It is admissible to eat no more than 1-2 fruits a day. Also fruit thanks to the high content of potassium is capable to eliminate the hypostases arising at women in situation, and a number of acids perfectly copes with manifestations of toxicosis.
The use of a medlar when breastfeeding will not bring benefit. This fruit belongs to allergens therefore can lead to appearance of skin rashes in children. If mother very much wants to eat a fruit, then it is necessary to enter it into the menu is dosed and constantly to control conditions of the kid.
Now we will consider, than the fruit is useful to a male body. The ability of fruit to control work of heart and to interfere with developing of heart attacks, strokes can interest active persons, workaholics with stressful work. In addition, the fruit perfectly helps to leave off smoking. It eliminates "withdrawal pains".
Learn what vitamins and minerals are necessary for potency and a male body.
Medicinal properties of leaves
Foliage of a medlar is rich amigdaliny (absorbent). It deletes from an organism of salt of heavy metals, slags, toxins and are purified by a liver. For these purposes use dry foliage infusions.
They are also applied as tannic means, to a stop of internal bleedings, to fight against ulcer of stomach and a duodenum. Are used for treatment of hemorrhoids and colds. Other curative properties:
- slow down aging;
- prevent appearance of strokes, heart attacks;
- lower the level of harmful cholesterol;
- remove salt;
- stabilize pressure.
This fruit for us exotic therefore many are afraid even to taste it. Terrible in it there is nothing. Taste at a fruit sweet, with sourness. As the plant belongs to a subfamily Apple-tree, it is possible to cook fruit just as apples.
Important! In the raw without harm for health it is possible to eat 3–4 fruits a day.
From it jams, juice, compotes and different oriental sweets turn out fine jam. It is also possible to make sweet liqueurs, wine. At preparation the seeds are not thrown out, and used for a coffee substitute.
Features of the use
To gain the necessary medical effect of a plant, it is necessary to know features of its application at certain illnesses.
At weight loss
If you wish to lose weight, but do not want to exhaust the organism with strong physical activities, it is enough to drink daily a cup of tea from leaves. It reduces appetite and eliminates desire to eat something sweet.
Fruits are allocated with fat-burning effect and also thanks to food fibers are capable to satisfy feeling of hunger quickly. Having eaten several fruits, you feel satiety, and desire to have a bite something sweet or rich will be gone in the place with it. Fasting day with a medlar can be arranged every seven days. In such day it is possible to eat till 1000 fruits.
Triterpenta, being a part of fruit, make him useful to diabetics. This substance is capable to force an organism to produce insulin. Due to antioxidant properties at the use of a medlar, disintegration products are brought out of an organism, and antiseptic properties do a plant irreplaceable at treatment of purulent rashes and at purification of leather.
Tea from foliage lowers sugar level, reduces a fat share in an organism and normalizes cholesterol level. It is useful to drink daily a cup of tea or to eat several crude fruits.
Decrease in level of cholesterol is promoted by the use of wheat germ oil, blackberry, corn porridge, black tea, an urbech, soaked apples and soy.
This fruit is not recommended to be used sick pancreatitis in a sharp or chronic form. The acids which are contained in fruit are capable to cause exacerbation of a disease. If an illness in a remission stage, then it is possible to use puree from boiled fruits.
Contraindications and harm
Despite existence of a large number of useful properties, a medlar it is necessary to apply with care:
- if the organism is inclined to an allergy;
- if it is given to small children (it is entered gradually into a diet);
- to people with gastritis and problems with a pancreas.
Immature fruit is capable to cause indigestion. At the excessive use the vomiting, short wind, a headache, food poisoning can appear from behind a large number of the amigradin which is contained in foliage and seeds.
Whether you know? Homeland of a medlar, Japanese and German, Southern and Southeast Asia. On an European land the plant got in the 19th century thanks to Romans.
Medlar — the nice to the taste and very useful fruit which is well influencing a condition of any organism. It is valuable as in fresh, and in finished form. The main thing is to know when to stop at its use.