The magnificent hibiscus enjoys huge love at flower growers of the whole world. Its bright flowers, it is abundant decorate krone of leaves, and their blossoming pleases the long period of time. The plant differs unpretentiousness in leaving.
Acquaintance to hibiscus
Hibiscus belongs to sort of plants of the Malvovye family in which there are more than 300 types. Its homeland it is considered to be Southeast Asia. Both herbs, and bushes, deciduous or evergreen can be representatives of the sort Hibiscus. Now it is contained by more than 500 garden grades. Distinguish by the sizes and degree of makhrovost of flowers, on shades of coloring of flowers and in form of lobes. Among houseplants the hibiscus Chinese and its hybrids usually meets various coloring of flowers (white, yellow, orange, red). Still it is called rose tree Chinese.
Light and temperature condition
The hibiscus which photo can be seen above belongs to photophilous plants which perfectly feel on well lit place. In warm time (from spring to fall) the hibiscus can be contained in garden, on the balcony, terrace, loggia. At sufficient lighting from March to late fall the flower pleases owners with abundant blossoming. Sunshine are necessary 4-6 hours a day. More comfortably he feels at the western or east windows, on southern in midday hours he will need blackout, and on northern there will not be enough light for blossoming.
It is necessary to notice that at the time of blossoming it is not desirable to rearrange, move plant, it can lead to falling off of flowers and buds.
As the plant to thermophilic hibiscus needs certain temperature condition. In the summer of +26-30 degrees, and during the winter period not less than +13. For hibiscus the temperature +7 at which roots stop absorbing water from the soil will be critical and the flower can die.
Requirements to soil, watering and fertilizing
The flower does not differ in special insistence to the soil, but also there are features. The soil for it has to be subacidic, the pH 6.8 level. Good aeration and sufficient drainage layer is necessary. Because of great love for moisture (under natural conditions sprouts on damp inundated meadows of America) the hibiscus is called marsh hollyhock.
Room cultures also vlagolyubiva. In the summer the plant demands abundant watering. It is also daily necessary to carry out spraying of leaves in the morning to avoid burns at hit of sunshine on them. Several times a month he is bathed in soul, having covered earth lump. Such water procedures ochishchayutlistya hibiscus from dust, also help to avoid appearance of various wreckers.
In winter time the watering is reduced. Water when drying top layer of the earth (depth of 2-3 cm) with warm water. Regularly spray with warm water. For it it is very important to support the high level of humidity especially during heating season. The lack of moisture and dryness of air can cause subsidence of leaves. If nevertheless it has occurred, watering needs to be reduced to minimum (the soil has to be slightly damp), new leaves will not grow yet.
From spring to fall, the flower needs regular additional power supply. Fertilizing is carried out weekly together with watering. Soil fertilizer organic chemistry should be alternated to complex mineral fertilizers. Phosphorus content and has to be reduced in the spring in the summer as the excess of this substance leads to decrease in abundance of blossoming and its quality. It is necessary to increase contents in fertilizing of potassium and magnesium at this time.
To the autumn and winter period the fertilizing is carried out once a month. In this fertilizing the content of potassium and phosphorus has to be increased. Except root fertilizing it is possible to carry out by extra root way of spraying of leaves solution with fertilizer twice a day (in the morning and in the evening) weekly. For carrying out spraying the weekly dose gets divorced water one to ten.
Change and reproduction
It is necessary to replace flower hibiscus in February-March. If the plant young, then is replaced annually in pot of the big sizes, approximately to 1-2 liters., adult plants of hibiscus – in 2-3 years. Before replacing of branch shorten on two thirds. It stimulates growth of side escapes and abundant blossoming. It is desirable to carry out cutting prior to growth, it will accelerate blossoming.
After change use watering of plant from pallet, and temporarily do not feed up. At adult plants annually change top layer of the earth for 3-4 cm.
Make multiple copies plant green or semi-lignified shanks during the whole year, however the most favorable time for reproduction is February-March and August. Shanks with two interstices implant in mix of peat and sand, cover with polyethylene film or plastic bottle. In 30 days the plant is replaced in pots. The plant the next year blossoms usually.